Persian Fig ‘Kan’ Tree
Our Persian Fig tree is originally from Kan, Iran. The fruit has a light greenish yellow thin skin and is medium-large in size. The flesh itself is very sweet and delicious. Figs reach maturity during the Fall season. This is a heavy producing, vigorous, and self-fruiting tree. Pruning should be done in the Winter to maintain a well balanced, evenly growing tree that produces high-quality fruit. Persian Kan Fig trees need hot Summers and a lot of sun. This can be many hours of full sun and regular watering. 100 hours.
Not compatible with your zone (2a)
General Plant Information
Persian Fig ‘Kan’ Tree Care and Information
The Persian ‘Kan’ Fig tree produces heavily from a young age. Plant the fig tree in the full sun. Trees can grow over 30 feet tall, but prune to keep as small as 10 feet tall and wide. Plant trees 10-15 feet apart in soil that drains well.
How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune A Fig Tree
Water the fig tree deep but not too frequently. Plant in good soil that drains well. Create a berm around the drip zone. This ensures the trees have a good watering well around the roots to collect water. Water new trees regularly, about 1-2 times per week during the Spring growth season. Increase the frequency to 2 – 3 times per week during the hot Summer. As the weather cools in the Fall, reduce the frequency of irrigation back down to once per week. Discontinue watering during the Winter while the tree is dormant.
Fertilize the fig tree in the Spring with a balanced organic fruit tree fertilizer with a 1-1-1 or a 2-1-1 NPK ratio, such as (5-5-5)or (6-3-3). Manure can be applied in cool climates. Reapply growth formula fertilizer in the Summer. Do not fertilize in the Fall as this the time the tree has slowed growth. Apply a fertilizer with low nitrogen and high phosphorus and potassium with a 1-2-2 or 1-4-4 NPK ratio such as 4-12-12 analysis.
Prune the fig tree in the Winter, while the plant is dormant. Cut the tip to prevent it from becoming too tall and prevent side branches from growing. Remove any new growth below the graft, low in the branches towards the center of the trees, and crossing towards the wrong direction. Thin your tree in the Summer to remove dry twigs, water sprouts, too many fruits to direct desired growth.
Fig Tree Pest Management
Use a dormant fruit tree spray/horticultural oil in the Winter. To protect the harvest use an animal repellant. Also, cover the fruits or net the entire tree to create a barrier.
Size and Spacing
In the home orchard, plant trees about 10 feet apart, and trim them to stay between 8 – 15 feet tall. In a commercial farm, apple trees are spaced 15 feet apart with 20 feet rows are machinery. These trees are grown to 25 feet tall. An apple tree can become almost 40 feet tall in nature.
Standard and Semi-dwarf Form: Our trees are grown in standard and semi-dwarf forms. A standard tree grows tall because the tip continues to grow. The tip of a semi-dwarf tree has been cut about 2 feet from the ground, therefore the tree has a shorter branching structure for easy picking. xxx xxx
Additional InformationWatering : Regular
Sun Exposure : Full Sun and Part Sun
Harvest Time : Fall
Plant Type: Deciduous
Chill Hours: Less 100 hours below 45°F
Pollination: Self-Fruitful / Self Pollinating
USDA Hardiness Zones: 6-10
Soil and Planting: Plant in soil that drains well. Dig a hole that is as deep as the tree’s roots and at least twice as wide.
Place the tree in the hole and backfill around the plant’s roots with a mixture of the native soil and high-quality planting mix that has washed sand and organic fertilizer.
Create a basin around the roots drip zone so that water collects. Water deeply until the roots and nearby soil is saturated and reaches field capacity.
Plant Care Information
How To Water
Proper irrigation is based on providing enough water to saturate the soil around the roots enough times per week for the season. This can be accomplished by different methods, from a hose to an automatic irrigation systems.
Quantity of water and frequency of irrigation are the two most important factors to proper irrigation.
The amount of water needed is based on the size of the plant, roots, and the water holding capacity of the soil type. The season and soil type are the two most important factors that determine how many times to water per week.
Irrigation Frequency per week and the Seasons
When Spring arrives, begin to water your apple trees once per week once they start to leaf out. As the weather begins to warm in Spring, increase water irrigation to twice a week.
Summer time may require 3 to 4 irrigation sessions per week, especially during a heat wave. Reduce irrigation frequency in the Fall to once per week. Apple trees are deciduous, which means they will lose their leaves and go dormant in the winter. Discontinue irrigation water while Apple trees are dormant.
Reduce irrigation frequency to weekly during the winter for evergreen trees. Deciduous trees should not be watered while dormant in the winter.
Quantity of water needed per size and the Irrigation system flow rate and run times
The plant size and soil type are the major factors that determine the quantity of wate to provide.
For a frame of referance
Smaller, 5 gallon size Apple tree 1 foot in diameter, so make sure to have a watering well (ring) that is about 3 times that. A 5 gallon bucket of water would be enough to reach any soil to saturation. Flood the well with a hose about 2 to 3 times to saturate the soil. A pvc bubbler with a flow rate of 2- 4 gallons per minute will only need to run for about 2 minutes to provide enough water to saturate. A sprinkler would run about 10-12 minutes.
Give a 15 gallon size plant about 5-15 gallons everytime you irrigation to saturate the soil around the root ball.
should receive plant has a rootball about 18” wide and 2 feet deep. The planting hole will be about 2-3 times the diameter as well with a ring built up above ground around the canopy to create a watering well. If using a hose flood 2-3 times. A pvc bubbler with a
Irrigation types: Flow Rate (GPM or GPH) * time = quantity
5 gallon – should receive about 3-5 gal of water
15 gallon should get about 7-15 gallon of water
25 gal should get – 15 – 20 gallon of water
Depends on soil type *
Hose – A watering hose is a least expensive and most simple way to provide water for your trees. However, make sure to create a wide ring with soil the diameter of the trees canopy to allow water to collect and drain to the roots.
Although automatic systems may cost more to initially set up, however, they can save you time and reduce operator error as it’s easier to manage an automatic system rather than remembering to water.
Proper irrigation management requires providing the proper amount of water at the right time.
The proper amount of water is determined by the size of the rootball and the type of soil.
The frequency is determined by the season, type of soil, and whether the plant is dormant or not.
Before watering, first, determine the type of soil you have.
There are three types of soil: Sand, Silt, and Clay.
Each soil has different properties and the size of particles that will determine the necessary amount of water and frequency needed.
The property of Clay consists of very small particles. Smaller particles allow more space for water retention effectively increasing the water-holding capacity.
Sand consists of large particles, which allow water to move more quickly through the soil, which will effectively lower the water-holding capacity.
For a frame of reference, consider how quickly water moves through the sand at the beach.
Because sand has a lower water-holding compacity, it is necessary to water more frequently.
Silt is made up of rock and mineral particles that are larger than clay but smaller than sand.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fruit trees and edible plants need nutrients to grow. This is called fertilizer and comes in different forms. Use organic manure, bone meal, blood meal, and humus based fertilizers. Apply fertilizers like manure along with a bone meal, humus based phosphorus fertilizer (1-2-2) NPK ratio in the late winter, right before spring growth. Reapply with organic high nitrogen (2-1-1) or fertilizers with a 1-1-1 NPK as directed by the label during the Spring and Summer growing season. Do not fertilize in the Fall, new growth at this time will be thin, lanky, and weak.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excessive fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch. Reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use of organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.
Limited Guarantee and Returns
The two factors that determine if a deciduous fruit trees will grow well and produce fruit in a certain area are the Chill Hour Requirement and the Cold Hardiness. “Chill hours” are the amount of cold a deciduous fruit tree need to produce fruit. This is measured in the number of hours below 45 degrees Fahrenheit a plant must experience during its winter dormancy. Paradise Nursery only grows Low Chill fruit trees that meet the chill requirements of all areas of the United States.
The second factor is Cold Hardiness. Cold Hardiness refers to the minimum temperature a plant can tolerate. The USDA’s Cold Hardiness Zones indicate the average minimum winter temperatures of areas. Based on the shipping zipcode, our website will only allow you to add plants to your cart that grow within your USDA Hardiness Zone, and tolerate your climate.
Pollination & Propagation
(Grafting/Cutting) Most of Paradise Nursery’s edible plants are self-fruitful. Self-pollinating trees do not require an additional tree to produce fruit. For your convenience, we have indicated which trees require a pollinator, and their associated pollinators. Only the sweet cherries, avocados, and some plums require a pollinator. All of our other propagated edible plants do not require a pollinator. All of our edible plants are either grown from cuttings, budded, or grafted. This way, we can ensure that our plants are high quality and fruit immediately. Plants will generally begin fruiting within a year of planting.