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- Originating from the Saveh province of Iran, this variety of pomegranate tree produces an abundance of large, deep red fruit with very big juicy arils and soft seeds. The flavor is sweet and tart with a great balance of su...
Pomegranate Tree – Info and Care
Pomegranate trees bear fruits ripe for harvest in the Fall from a small winter deciduous tree. As a plant will lose its leaves in the Winter to go dormant, it’ss important not to irrigate while the plant is dormant as that water will not be used. Begin to water in the Spring as Pomegranates leaf out. Pomegranates produce beautiful red color flower blossoms in the Spring. Pomegranate flowers can drop if watered too frequently. Water deeply about once per week in the early Spring. Irrigation frequency depends on your soil type, wind speed, temperature, etc. The frequency of irrigation can be increased without risk of the flower blossoms falling once they become small fruits. Increase the frequency of irrigation as the weather warms in the late spring to summer.
Pomegranates are one of the only plants that have colorful leaves, flowers, and fruits in the landscape almost all year round. It has flowers in the Spring and holds it fruit from summer to fall. Pomegranates only go dormant for 3 months of the year. Pomegranates are drought tolerant and grow very well under the direct full sun all day long. Even in hot climates such as the Southern United States. They are great Mediterranean and tropical plant that only needs 6 hours of direct sunlight per day to produce flowers and fruits. Pomegranates trees can grow between 10 – 30 feet tall, but most homeowners prune to keep their plants relatively small.
Believed to be Native to the Middle East Persia. Pomegranate is also known as Anar. Today there are classic and new varieties from all around the world. The most popular Pomegranate variety in America is Wonderful Pomegranates. They grow as upright single or multi-trunk, drought tolerant, deciduous fruiting plants. Generally, Pomegranate trees produce large, round fruit that is generally 5 – 8 inch in diameter with smooth red skin. The Red pomegranates are the most well known. They have dark red, sweet and tart arils are juicy with a seed at the center. Harvest pomegranates in the Fall.
The Wonderful Pomegranate is the most popular red variety grown in California. Wonderful pomegranates are large deep red varieties with delicious sweet and tart arils. The fruit is juicy and very flavorful. Pomwonderful is a popular brand of Pomegranate juicy made from the wonderful variety of pomegranate. At Paradise Nursery we grow a world famous Persian pomegranate tree variety that originates from the city of Saveh in Iran. This variety can grow large and able to withstand cracking. The fruit arils are very juicy with sweet and slightly tart flavor. It is very delicious and has a soft seed in the center. In contrast, White Pomegranates tend to have light-off white color with a pink blush. The fruit is a light white to pinkish color and very sweet with no acidity. The seeds are very soft.
Grow pomegranate trees in full sun and soil that drains well. Do not water too frequently while in bloom. Do not water a pomegranate tree while it is dormant in the winter. Begin watering once the trees leaf out in the spring. As infrequently as possible, attempt every 10 days to 30 days until the blossoms turn to small fruit. Then weekly in the Spring to twice a week in the Summer. Reduce water in the Fall until you no longer are watering in the Winter. Pomegranate trees grow very well in Los Angeles, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, Hollywood, Pasadena, Burbank, Glendale, Simi Valley, Agoura Hills, Thousand Oaks, and Malibu. Plant pomegranate trees in the San Fernando Valley. In Tarzana, Encino, Woodland Hills, West Hills, Northridge, Calabasas, Reseda, Van Nuys, Porter Ranch, and Chatsworth. Also available in Orange County, Irvine, Santa Diego, Santa Barbara, and Ventura.
Plant Care Information
How To Water - Frequency and Duration to Irrigate
Newly planted trees should be watered regularly to establish well. The frequency of irrigation and quantity of water mainly depends on the season of the year, soil type, and size/age of the tree.
Frequency to water
Discontinue watering in the Winter while the tree is dormant.
Begin to water weekly as the tree breaks bud and leafs out in the Spring.
Increase the frequency of water to twice per week in the Spring.
Water 2-3 times per week during the hot Summer months.
Reduce irrigation frequency to 1-2 times per week in the Fall.
Stop watering your tree in the Winter while it is dormant.
You may need to water sandy soils more frequently but less quantity because of sand’s lower water holding capacity.
Water Duration – Quantity of water
Drip System – 30- 60 minutes
Sprinkler – 15 – 25 minutes
PVC Bubbler – 5 – 7 minutes
Hose – Flood the trees watering well until the soil surrounding the tree’s roots reaches field capacity.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fruit trees and edible plants need nutrients to grow. This is called fertilizer and it comes in different forms. Use organic manure, bone meal, blood meal, and humus based fertilizers. Apply fertilizers like manure along with a bone meal, humus based phosphorus fertilizer (1-2-2) NPK ratio in the late Winter, right before spring growth. Reapply with organic high nitrogen (2-1-1) or fertilizers with a 1-1-1 NPK as directed by the label during the Spring and Summer growing season. Do not fertilize in the Fall, new growth at this time will be thin, lanky, and weak.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excess fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch, reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use an organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.