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Description – Plant / Flower / Fruits / Leaves / Branches / Trunk / Bark / Roots / Uses / History
Apple trees are winter deciduous fruiting plants that produce white winter Spring blossoms, and that fruit is ripe in the summer.
Although an apple tree will lose their leaves in the winter, they make up for it with beautiful white spring flower blossoms and fruit that will be ripe in the Summer!
Fruit: The skin is smooth and full of vitamins. Seeds are small and located in the center of the fruit.
An Apple is a pomaceous fruit that is crisp, juicy, and usually sweet when ripe. The most popular Apple in California is the Fuji’, followed by the Gala. However, we highly recommend the Anna Apple for mild winter climates for its delicious fruit and consistent high yield. Granny Smith is the famous green sour tart appleApples are one of the most popular fruits in the United States because they are healthy, tasty, and store well.
Apple trees are easy to grow; keep them relatively small size with regular winter pruning and summer thinning. Springtime brings a refreshing flush of ivory blossoms, and simple dark green leaves. Fruits are ripe in the summer and are ready to harvest when your taste buds say so. Trees will bear young and heavy, and it feels great to pick the fruits an apple tree.
Apple trees are easy to grow and can be kept relatively small to moderate size with regular pruning. Springtime brings a flush of whitish blossoms, and simple dark green leaves.
Apples are a colorful and dense fruit with a crispy cream-colored flesh. The skin provides essential vitamins and antioxidants, while the flesh gives it sustenance.
Sunlight Expose: Plant where the tree will receive at least 4 – 6 hours of direct full sun per day. It is ok if the rest of the day is part shade.
Soil and Planting: Plant an Apple tree in soil that drains well. Dig a hole that is as deep as the tree’s roots and at least twice as wide.
Place the tree in the hole and backfill around the plant’s roots with a mixture of the native soil and high-quality planting mix that has washed sand and organic fertilizer. Create a basic around the roots drip zone so that water collects. Water deeply until the roots and nearby soil is saturated and reaches field capacity. To improve drainage Amend with the soil with wash sand, create french drains with pea gravel, add drainage pipes, or plant on a mound.
Size and Spacing: Height, Width, Standard / Semi-dwarf forms
In the home orchard, plant apple trees about 10 feet apart, and trim them to stay between 6 – 15 feet tall. In a commercial farm, apple trees are spaced 15 feet apart with 20 feet rows are machinery. These trees are grown to 25 feet tall. An apple tree can become almost 40 feet tall in nature.
Our trees are grown in standard and semi-dwarf forms. A standard tree grows tall because the tip continues to grow. The tip of a semi-dwarf tree has been cut about 2 feet from the ground, therefore the tree branches out and has a shorter branching structure for easy picking.
Irrigating and Watering
Deciduous plants go dormant (lose their leaves) in the winter, therefore watering should be stopped. Discontinue watering until the plant leafs out in the early spring. Water newly planted fruit trees weekly (1 x / week) during the cooler early spring and fall seasons, and 2 – 3 times per week during the hot summer season. Increase the frequency of irrigation as the temperature and evapotranspiration rates increase. Once the tree roots grow larger and the plant establishes, irrigation will be needed less frequent.
Fertilize organically in the winter with flower and bloom fruit tree food to help increase springtime blossoms, and summer fruits. Use organic fruit tree growth fertilizers in the Spring and Summers to keep leaves green and healthy.
Apple trees are a sturdy and straightforward deciduous tree for home orchards. The beloved apple tree made its way to the U.S in the 1600’s and thanks to the infamous Johnny Chapman (Johnny Appleseed), the apple became and still is a staple fruit for Americans.
Fruits ripen during the Summer months and can be eaten fresh from the tree, used in culinary and baking, juiced, dried, and stores very well
Potted Apple trees are available year-round at our nursery in Los Angeles. We deliver by truck to all of Southern California and ship long distance in the winter while plants are dormant. Place an order online for us to reserve your tree.
In conclusion. Apple trees thrive in the full sun as well as under partial shade with well-draining soil. In home-orchards, apple trees can be kept less than 10 feet tall and wide but will grow larger if allowed. Prune in the winter to control the size and shape, as well as to select producing spurs. Summer thinning of fruits and branches is done to direct the plant’s energy to spurs. This maximizes desired growth and fruit production by preventing broken limbs caused by too many fruits and the wasted growth of undesired limbs. Fertilize with steer manure in the winter and a blossom promoting fertilizer in the Winter. Use a complete fertilizer or one that contains more nitrogen to promote growth in the Spring and Summer.