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Apple trees are woody deciduous fruit trees that produce white blossoms in the Spring, of which some develop into fruit that are ripe in the Summer.
Plant in the full sun and soil that drains well.
In home orchards, most keep their Apple tree less than 10-15 feet tall and wide. They can grow larger, given the time and space. An apple tree can grow to 25 feet in 25 years.
Watering : Newly planted apple trees need regular water, about once to twice per week depending on the weather and soil. Hot temperatures and high winds will cause faster evapotranspiration requiring more water. Sandy soils drain faster than clay, which will also require more frequent water. Reduce the frequency of irrigation in the Fall as temperatures cool down. Discontinue water in the Winter while the apple tree is dormant.
Our low chill apple trees such as the Fuji, Gala, Granny Smith, and Anna apple grow well and produce in almost all of America and the world. Especially in mild winter climate such as Los Angeles.
These grow and produce in all areas of Southern California from Malibu, Beverly Hills, Santa Monica, and Long Beach to Orange County and San Diego near the coast. This is because they can easily tolerate our mild winters and also only require a little bit of cold winter that all areas have. This cold requirement is known as chill hours. A chill hour is an hour under 45 degrees fahrenheit during the trees winter dormancy. These varieties on average only require about 200 hours, which all areas have.
Inland, in the deserts and in the east cost of US the chill hours go up to 700 hours or more. They can tolerate cold temperatures down to freezing, which is 30 degrees fahrenheit and in areas in USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 4.
Apples are one of the most popular fruits. Their characteristic are very attractive. From the crisp and crunchy texture, to their juicy and nutritious nature. This delicious pomaceous fruit is a staple for the home orchard. The skin is smooth and full of vitamins. Seeds are small and located in the center of the fruit. Fuji Apple is the most popular sweet apple. Gala is a popular variety that smaller fruit. Granny smith is the tart green variety.
Apple trees are easy to grow and can be kept relatively small to moderate size with regular pruning. Springtime brings an amazing flush of whitish blossoms, and simple dark green leaves. Fruits ripen during the Summer months, and can be eaten fresh off the tree, used in culinary and baking, juiced, dried, and can stored to be used later. It feels great to pick the fruits of your an apple tree you’ve cared for. Trees bear young and heavily.
Apple trees are a sturdy and straightforward deciduous tree for home orchards. The beloved apple tree made its way to the U.S in the 1600’s and thanks to the infamous Johnny Chapman (Johnny Appleseed), the apple became and still is a staple fruit for americans. Apples are a colorful and dense fruit with a crispy cream colored flesh. The skin provides essential vitamins and antioxidants, while the flesh gives it sustenance.
Apple trees are easy to grow and can be kept to a relatively small size with regular winter pruning. Bloom brings a refreshing flush of ivory blossoms, and simple dark green leaves. Fruit are ripe in the summer, and are ready to harvest when your taste buds say so. Trees will bear young and heavily.
Apple trees thrive in the full sun as well as partial shade with well draining soil. In home orchards, apple trees can be kept less than 10 feet tall and wide, but will grow larger if allowed. Prune in the winter to control the size and shape, as well as to select producing spurs. Summer thinning of fruits and branches is done to direct the plant’s energy to spurs. This maximizes desired growth and fruit production by preventing broken limbs caused by too many fruits and the wasted growth of undesired limbs.
Once established, trees are generally watered every 7-10 days or once every two weeks by soaking root zone. This guideline is the same for drought conditions, apple trees do not need a high amount of water. Keeping soil moist is ideal rather then bone dry or saturated. The amount and frequency depends on the size of tree, time of year, and type of soil. If watering by hose, fill your watering well twice so water goes down deep rather than watering too frequently. If watering with sprinklers, bubblers, or drip system, it is better to water long enough to reach field capacity, rather than providing little water very frequently.
Generally, newly planted trees need water once to twice a week in the spring and summer. Younger trees and sandy soils may need water every other day if planted in the full Sun during Summer heat waves. But this is not very common or ideal. Apple trees are deciduous, so reduce water in the fall as temperature reduces. Provide little to no supplemental water in the winter while they are dormant. Begin watering again in the spring, once the tree breaks bud and begins to leaf out. Increase the frequency as the temperature rises when summer approaches.
Fertilize organically in the winter with flower and bloom fruit tree food to help increase springtime blossoms, and summer fruits. Use organic fruit tree growth fertilizers in the Spring and Summers to keep leaves green and healthy.