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- The Anna Apple tree is a prolific producer in mild Winter climates such as Los Angeles. It will produce very sweet and delicious fruit. They are large in size with a stretched shape. The color of the skin is red blush over...
- Malus domestica 'fuji' Fuji Apple Tree - The most popular eating apples in America! Fuji Apples are large and round with red color over yellow skin. The fruit is sweet and juicy with a crisp and dense texture. It's a compact tree and heavy pr...
- Malus domestica 'gala' The Gala Apple tree is beautiful and very popular for its snack size fruits that area a crisp, firm texture with sweet, juicy, and delicious flavor. The skin is red striped over a light yellow. Gala Apples are eaten fres...
- Malus domestica 'granny smith' The Granny Smith Apple tree produces the popular tart green fruits used in apple pies, apple sauce, and of course, caramel apples. Eat fresh, died, and use to cook and bake.
- The Pink Lady is a delicious low chill apple tree from West Australia. The fruit has reddish pink color skin, sweet tart flavor, and crisp when ripe. Keeps well and has a unique taste. The flesh is white and does not brow...
Apple Trees Information and Care
Description – Plant / Flower / Fruits / Leaves / Branches / Trunk / Bark / Roots / Uses / History
Apple trees are winter deciduous fruiting plants that produce white winter Spring blossoms, and that fruit is ripe in the summer.
Although an apple tree will lose their leaves in the winter, they make up for it with beautiful white spring flower blossoms and fruit that will be ripe in the Summer!
Fruit: The skin is smooth and full of vitamins. Seeds are small and located in the center of the fruit.
An Apple is a pomaceous fruit that is crisp, juicy, and usually sweet when ripe. The most popular Apple in California is the Fuji’, followed by the Gala. However, we highly recommend the Anna Apple for mild winter climates for its delicious fruit and consistent high yield. Granny Smith is the famous green sour tart apple. Apples are one of the most popular fruits in the United States because they are healthy, tasty, and store well.
Apple trees are easy to grow; keep them relatively small size with regular winter pruning and summer thinning. Springtime brings a refreshing flush of ivory blossoms, and simple dark green leaves. Fruits are ripe in the summer and are ready to harvest when your taste buds say so. Trees will bear young and heavy, and it feels great to pick the fruits of an apple tree.
Apples are a colorful and dense fruit with a crispy cream-colored flesh. The skin provides essential vitamins and antioxidants, while the crisp flesh gives it sustenance.
Planting Location – Sun / Soil / Size and Space
Sunlight Expose: Plant where the tree will receive at least 4 – 6 hours of direct full sun per day. It is ok if the rest of the day is part shade.
Soil and Planting: Plant an Apple tree in soil that drains well. Dig a hole that is as deep as the tree’s roots and at least twice as wide.
Place the tree in the hole and backfill around the plant’s roots with a mixture of the native soil and high-quality planting mix that has washed sand and organic fertilizer. Create a bowl around the roots drip zone so that water collects. Water deeply until the roots and nearby soil is saturated and reaches full capacity. To improve drainage Amend with the soil with wash sand, create french drains with pea gravel, add drainage pipes, or plant on a mound.
Size and Spacing: Height, Width, Standard / Semi-dwarf forms
In the home orchard, plant apple trees about 10 feet apart, and trim them to stay between 6 – 15 feet tall. In a commercial farm, apple trees are spaced 15 feet apart with 20 feet rows and are harvested with machinery. These trees are grown to 25 feet tall. An apple tree can become almost 40 feet tall in nature.
Our trees are grown in standard and semi-dwarf forms. A standard tree grows tall because the tip continues to grow. The tip of a semi-dwarf tree has been cut about 2 feet from the ground, therefore the tree branches out and has a shorter branching structure for easy picking.
Irrigating and Watering
Deciduous plants go dormant (lose their leaves) in the winter, therefore watering should be stopped. Discontinue watering until the plant leafs out in the early spring. Water newly planted fruit trees weekly (1 x / week) during the cooler early spring and fall seasons, and 2 – 3 times per week during the hot summer season. In extreme hot weather or heat waves, more watering may be permitted. Increase the frequency of irrigation as the temperature and evapotranspiration rates increase. Once the tree roots grow larger and the plant establishes, irrigation will be needed less frequent.
Nutrition and Fertilization
Fertilize organically in the winter with flower and bloom fruit tree food to help increase springtime blossoms, and summer fruits. Use organic fruit tree growth fertilizers in the Spring and Summers to keep leaves green and healthy.
History and Uses
Apple trees are a sturdy and straightforward deciduous tree for home orchards. The beloved apple tree made its way to the U.S in the 1600’s and thanks to the infamous Johnny Chapman (Johnny Appleseed), the apple has become and still is a staple fruit for Americans.
Fruits ripen during the Summer months and can be eaten fresh from the tree, used in culinary and baking, juiced, dried, and also stores very well.
Apple trees for sale
Potted Apple trees are available year-round at our nursery in Los Angeles. We deliver by truck to all of Southern California and ship long distance in the winter while plants are dormant. Place an order online for us to reserve your tree.
In conclusion. Apple trees thrive in the full sun as well as under partial shade with well-draining soil. In home-orchards, apple trees can be kept less than 10 feet tall and wide but will grow larger if allowed. Prune in the winter to control the size and shape, as well as to select producing spurs. Summer thinning of fruits and branches is done to direct the plant’s energy to spurs. This maximizes desired growth and fruit production by preventing broken limbs caused by too many fruits and the wasted growth of undesired limbs. Fertilize with steer manure in the winter and a blossom promoting fertilizer in the Winter. Use a complete fertilizer or one that contains more nitrogen to promote growth in the Spring and Summer.
Plant Care Information
How To Water - Frequency and Duration to Irrigate
Newly planted trees should be watered regularly to establish well. The frequency of irrigation and quantity of water mainly depends on the season of the year, soil type, and size/age of the tree.
Frequency to water
Discontinue watering in the Winter while the tree is dormant.
Begin to water weekly as the tree breaks bud and leafs out in the Spring.
Increase the frequency of water to twice per week in the Spring.
Water 2-3 times per week during the hot Summer months.
Reduce irrigation frequency to 1-2 times per week in the Fall.
Stop watering your tree in the Winter while it is dormant.
You may need to water sandy soils more frequently but less quantity because of sand’s lower water holding capacity.
Water Duration – Quantity of water
Drip System – 30- 60 minutes
Sprinkler – 15 – 25 minutes
PVC Bubbler – 5 – 7 minutes
Hose – Flood the trees watering well until the soil surrounding the tree’s roots reaches field capacity.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fruit trees and edible plants need nutrients to grow. This is called fertilizer and it comes in different forms. Use organic manure, bone meal, blood meal, and humus based fertilizers. Apply fertilizers like manure along with a bone meal, humus based phosphorus fertilizer (1-2-2) NPK ratio in the late Winter, right before spring growth. Reapply with organic high nitrogen (2-1-1) or fertilizers with a 1-1-1 NPK as directed by the label during the Spring and Summer growing season. Do not fertilize in the Fall, new growth at this time will be thin, lanky, and weak.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excess fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch, reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use an organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.