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- Ziziphus jujuba 'Lang' The Lang Jujube tree produces small, pear-shaped fruit with reddish-brown skin. The flesh is white, sweet and delicious. Eat fresh, while firm a bit juicy or allow to dry, wrinkle, and become chewy. The Jujube is also know...
- Ziziphus jujuba 'Li' The Li Jujube are round shaped, small fruits with reddish-brown color skin. Eat fresh when firm, or allow to dry, wrinkle, and become chewy like a date. Jujube is also known as the "Annab" or the "Chinese date". Harvest in...
The Jujube tree, also known as Chinese date or Annab. A very healthy and nutritious. jujubes are small, sweet and delicious fruit white flesh fruit that are round to oval shape. Eat them fresh or enjoy dried. Jujube fruit is green when immature, but turns yellow with spots when ripe. Eat with the thin skin as it contains many nutrients. Considered a superfood, jujubes contain a lot of Vitamin C.
Grow a jujube tree at home, it’s very easy. They have been cultivated for thousands of years. A drought tolerant and cold resistant tree. The tree is deciduous and can grow 10-30 feet tall. The leaves are small, dark green, and bi-pinnately compound, so the tree is drought tolerant. Plant jujube trees in the full sun and water once or twice a week while actively growing in the Spring and Summer. Reduce water in the Fall as the tree drops its leaves. Little to no supplemental water is needed in the winter while the tree is dormant. Branches naturally droop creating a beautiful appearance. Harvest fruit in the Fall.
Plant Care Information
How To Water - Frequency and Duration to Irrigate
Newly planted trees should be watered regularly to establish well. The frequency of irrigation and quantity of water mainly depends on the season of the year, soil type, and size/age of the tree.
Frequency to water
Discontinue watering in the Winter while the tree is dormant.
Begin to water weekly as the tree breaks bud and leafs out in the Spring.
Increase the frequency of water to twice per week in the Spring.
Water 2-3 times per week during the hot Summer months.
Reduce irrigation frequency to 1-2 times per week in the Fall.
Stop watering your tree in the Winter while it is dormant.
You may need to water sandy soils more frequently but less quantity because of sand’s lower water holding capacity.
Water Duration – Quantity of water
Drip System – 30- 60 minutes
Sprinkler – 15 – 25 minutes
PVC Bubbler – 5 – 7 minutes
Hose – Flood the trees watering well until the soil surrounding the tree’s roots reaches field capacity.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fruit trees and edible plants need nutrients to grow. This is called fertilizer and it comes in different forms. Use organic manure, bone meal, blood meal, and humus based fertilizers. Apply fertilizers like manure along with a bone meal, humus based phosphorus fertilizer (1-2-2) NPK ratio in the late Winter, right before spring growth. Reapply with organic high nitrogen (2-1-1) or fertilizers with a 1-1-1 NPK as directed by the label during the Spring and Summer growing season. Do not fertilize in the Fall, new growth at this time will be thin, lanky, and weak.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excess fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch, reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use an organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.