Hachiya Persimmon Tree (Diospyros)
The Hachiya Persimmon tree produces large size, heart shaped fruits with deep orange color skin. This is the most popular astringent persimmon. Harvest when firm, store indoors and eat when soft, juicy, and ripe. The flesh is very sweet, creamy, and incredibly delicious. Fruit is ripe in the Fall. 200 Chill Hours. Self-fruitful.
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General Plant Information
Hachiya Persimmon Tree Care and Information
The Hachiya Persimmon tree is a woody deciduous tree. Also known as “Sharon fruit” or Khormaloo, this upright tree is very beautiful. Eat persimmons fresh, dried, raw or cooked.
Persimmon Size and Spacing
Persimmon trees can grow very tall, but many prune to keep their trees 10-20 feet tall. Plant trees as close as 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you intend to grow the tree larger.
New persimmon trees are sensitive and can become heat stressed in hot Summer climates with a lot of sunlight. In hot Summer climates, plant trees where they receive morning sun and afternoon shade. Trees can be planted in the full sun, near the coast and in mild Summer climates.
How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Persimmon Trees
Water persimmon trees deep but not too frequently. Plant trees in well draining soils and create a berm around the drip zone. This ensures the trees have a good watering well around the roots to collect water. Water new trees regularly, about 1 – 2 times per week during the Spring growth season. Increase the frequency to 2 – 3 times per week during the hot Summer. As the weather cools in the Fall, reduce the frequency of irrigation back down to once per week. Discontinue water during the Winter while the tree is dormant.
Fertilize your persimmon tree in the Spring using a balanced organic fruit tree fertilizer with a 1-1-1 or a 2-1-1 NPK ratio, such as (5-5-5)or (6-3-3). Manure can be applied in cool climates. Reapply growth formula fertilizer in the Summer. Do not fertilize in the Fall as this the time the tree has slowed growth. Apply a fertilizer with low nitrogen and high phosphorus and potassium with a 1-2-2 or 1-4-4 NPK ratio such as 4-12-12 analysis.
Prune persimmon trees in the Winter while dormant. Cut the tip to prevent it from becoming too tall and prevent side branches from growing. Remove any new growth below the graft, low in the branches towards the center of the trees, and crossing towards the wrong direction. Thin your tree in the Summer to remove dry twigs, water sprouts and too many fruits to direct desired growth.
Persimmon Pest Management
Use a dormant fruit tree spray/horticultural oil in the Winter. To protect the harvest use an animal repellant. Cover the fruits or net the entire tree to create a barrier.
In the home orchard, plant trees about 10 feet apart, and trim them to stay between 8 – 15 feet tall. In a commercial farm, trees are spaced 15 feet apart with 20 feet rows are machinery. These trees are grow to 25 feet tall. Trees can become almost 40 feet tall in nature.
Standard and Semi-Dwarf Form: Our trees are grown in Standard and Semi-Dwarf forms. A Standard tree grows tall because the tip continues to grow. The tip of a Semi-Dwarf tree has been cut about 2 feet from the ground, therefore the tree has a shorter branching structure for easy picking.
Additional InformationHarvest Time : Fall
Bloom Time : Spring
Sun Exposure : Full Sun
Watering : Regular
USDA Hardiness Zones : 7-10
Plant Type: Deciduous
Chill Hours: Less than 200 hours
Pollination: Self-Fruitful / Self Pollinating
Soil and Planting: Plant in soil that drains well. Dig a hole that is as deep as the tree’s roots and at least twice as wide.
Place the tree in the hole and backfill around the plant’s roots with a mixture of the native soil and high-quality planting mix that has washed sand and organic fertilizer.
Create a basin around the roots drip zone so that water collects. Water deeply until the roots and nearby soil is saturated and reaches field capacity.
Plant Care Information
How To Water - Frequency and Duration to Irrigate
Newly planted trees should be watered regularly to establish well. The frequency of irrigation and quantity of water mainly depends on the season of the year, soil type, and size/age of the tree.
Frequency to water
Discontinue watering in the Winter while the tree is dormant.
Begin to water weekly as the tree breaks bud and leafs out in the Spring.
Increase the frequency of water to twice per week in the Spring.
Water 2-3 times per week during the hot Summer months.
Reduce irrigation frequency to 1-2 times per week in the Fall.
Stop watering your tree in the Winter while it is dormant.
You may need to water sandy soils more frequently but less quantity because of sand’s lower water holding capacity.
Water Duration – Quantity of water
Drip System – 30- 60 minutes
Sprinkler – 15 – 25 minutes
PVC Bubbler – 5 – 7 minutes
Hose – Flood the trees watering well until the soil surrounding the tree’s roots reaches field capacity.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fruit trees and edible plants need nutrients to grow. This is called fertilizer and it comes in different forms. Use organic manure, bone meal, blood meal, and humus based fertilizers. Apply fertilizers like manure along with a bone meal, humus based phosphorus fertilizer (1-2-2) NPK ratio in the late Winter, right before spring growth. Reapply with organic high nitrogen (2-1-1) or fertilizers with a 1-1-1 NPK as directed by the label during the Spring and Summer growing season. Do not fertilize in the Fall, new growth at this time will be thin, lanky, and weak.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excess fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch, reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use an organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.
Limited Guarantee and Returns
The two factors that determine if a deciduous fruit trees will grow well and produce fruit in a certain area are the Chill Hour Requirement and the Cold Hardiness. “Chill hours” are the amount of cold a deciduous fruit tree need to produce fruit. This is measured in the number of hours below 45 degrees Fahrenheit a plant must experience during its winter dormancy. Paradise Nursery only grows Low Chill fruit trees that meet the chill requirements of all areas of the United States.
The second factor is Cold Hardiness. Cold Hardiness refers to the minimum temperature a plant can tolerate. The USDA’s Cold Hardiness Zones indicate the average minimum winter temperatures of areas. Based on the shipping zipcode, our website will only allow you to add plants to your cart that grow within your USDA Hardiness Zone, and tolerate your climate.
Pollination & Propagation
(Grafting/Cutting) Most of Paradise Nursery’s edible plants are self-fruitful. Self-pollinating trees do not require an additional tree to produce fruit. For your convenience, we have indicated which trees require a pollinator, and their associated pollinators. Only the sweet cherries, avocados, and some plums require a pollinator. All of our other propagated edible plants do not require a pollinator. All of our edible plants are either grown from cuttings, budded, or grafted. This way, we can ensure that our plants are high quality and fruit immediately. Plants will generally begin fruiting within a year of planting.