Hachiya Persimmon Tree Care and Information
The Hachiya persimmon tree is a woody deciduous tree. Also known as or “Khormaloo or “Sharon fruit”, this upright tree is very beautiful. Eat persimmons fresh, dried, raw, or cook.
Persimmon Size and Spacing
Persimmon trees can grow very tall, but many prunes to keep their trees 10-20 feet tall. Plant trees as close as 10 feet apart, but allow for more space if you intend to grow the tree larger.
New Persimmon trees are sensitive and can become heat stressed in hot summer climates with a lot of sunlight. In hot summer climates plant trees where they receive morning sun and afternoon shade. Trees can be planted in full sun, near the coast and in mild summer climates.
How To Water, Fertilize, and Prune Persimmon Trees
Water Persimmon Trees deep but not too frequent. Plant trees in well-draining soils. Create a berm around the drip zone. This ensures the trees have a good watering well around the roots to collect water. Water new trees regularly, about 1-2 times per week during the Spring growth season. Increase the frequency to 2-3 times per week during the hot summer. As the weather cools in the Fall, reduce the frequency of irrigation back down to once per week. Discontinue water during the winter while the tree is dormant.
Fertilize your persimmon tree in the Spring with a balance organic fruit tree fertilizer with a 1-1-1 or a 2-1-1 NPK ratio, such as (5-5-5)or (6-3-3). Manure can be applied in cool climates. Reapply growth formula fertilizer in the Summer. Do not fertilize in the Fall as this the time the tree has slowed growth. Apply a fertilizer with low nitrogen and high phosphorus and potassium with a 1-2-2 or 1-4-4 NPK ratio such as 4-12-12 analysis.
Prune persimmon trees in the winter while dormant. Cut the tip to prevent it from becoming too tall and promote side branches from growing. Remove any new growth below the graft, low in the branches towards the center of the trees, and crossing towards the wrong direction. Thin your tree in the summer to remove dry twigs, water sprouts, too many fruits to direct desired growth.
Persimmon Pest Management
Use a dormant fruit tree spray / horticultural oil in the winter. To protect the harvest use an animal repellant. Also, cover the fruits or net the entire tree to create a barrier.