Persian Pomegranate – Red ‘Anar Saveh’ (ا نار ساوه)
Originating from the Saveh province of Iran, this variety of pomegranate tree produces an abundance of large, deep red fruit with very big juicy arils and soft seeds. The flavor is sweet and tart with a great balance of sugar to acidity, and the skin rarely cracks. The pomegranate tree is very easy to grow, drought tolerant, and does well in full sun. Avoid watering too frequently while pomegranate trees are in blossom to prevent flowers from falling. Persian Pomegranates from Saveh, Iran are credited to not only being one of the very first pomegranate varieties that was discovered but also the most delicious.
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General Plant Information
Persian Pomegranate Tree Information and Care
Our Persian Pomegranate trees from Saveh are very easy to grow. They are dormant in the Winter, and leaf out and provide beautiful red flower blossoms in the Spring. Do not water too frequently to prevent blossoms from falling.
Once young trees leaf out, provide water about every 10 days in most areas. Water about once per week until the flower turns to small size fruit. Increase the frequency to twice per week in the Summer. Reduce the frequency once the weather cools down in the Fall until you no longer are watering in the Winter. Large mature trees can be watered as infrequently as every 2 weeks – monthly depending on the whether and maturity of the tree. Pomegranates are great drought tolerant fruit trees that require water infrequently.
Plant in the full sun and well draining soil. Grown as a tree or bush, plant as close as 6 feet apart to create a privacy hedge with this fruit tree. Provide more space, 10 feet or more to allow space between trees.
Fruits tend to ripen in the Fall in most areas. The size, color, and texture will aide in determining ripeness. The size can vary based on the quantity of fruit on the tree. If there are many fruits, but they are ripening small, reducing the quantity may allow the remaining fruit to become large.
Pomegranates have a droopy and dense form with nice red color from the flowers to the fruits most of the year. They work well in the corner of landscapes to provide color and interest in the garden. Trees can grow large over the years, and an attractive pomegranate tree is also great as a focal point in a Mediterranean setting. In California, the pomegranates have greatly gained in popularity both due to its healthy and nutritious nature, as well as their need for little care and water.
Mature Size and Form
Our deciduous fruit trees are semi-dwarf. They
In the home orchard, plant medium size deciduous trees about 12 feet apart, and trim your trees to keep them between 8 – 15 feet tall. In a commercial farm, trees are spaced 15 feet apart with 20 feet rows are machinery. These trees grow to 25 feet tall. Trees can become almost 40 feet tall in nature.
Standard deciduous trees have a single trunk and grow to with the canopy raised above the ground.
Semi-Dwarf trees grow like a bush with a canopy near the ground and no single trunk. Semi-dwarf trees are easier to harvest and can be used as a privacy hedge when planted close together.
Additional InformationHarvest Time : Fall
Botanical Name : Punica Granatum 'Saveh'
Watering : Low
Sun Exposure : Full Sun and Part Sun
Bloom Color : Red
Bloom Time : Spring
USDA Hardiness Zones : 7-10
Plant Type: Deciduous
Chill Hours: Less than 200 hours below 45°F
Pollination: Self-Fruitful / Self Pollinating
Soil and Planting: Plant in soil that drains well. Dig a hole that is as deep as the tree’s roots and at least twice as wide.
Place the tree in the hole and backfill around the plant’s roots with a mixture of the native soil and high-quality planting mix that has washed sand and organic fertilizer.
Create a basin around the roots drip zone so that water collects. Water deeply until the roots and nearby soil is saturated and reaches field capacity.
Plant Care Information
How To Water - Frequency and Duration to Irrigate
Make a planting ring around the tree’s canopy to retain water to drain down from above the roots, and flood the ring 2-3 times to water it with a hose.
Quantity of Water:
Provide a planted 15-gallon size tree with 15 gallons of water to soak the root system and saturate the surrounding soil. A 5-gallon tree needs 5 gallons of water to soak, and a 25-gallon container tree needs 25 gallons of water.
Frequency to water while young: Mature require less frequent watering
Winter deciduous fruit trees do not require water while dormant.
Begin to water weekly once the tree leafs out in the early Spring.
Increase the frequency as the weather warms in the Spring to Summer.
Increase water frequency to every other day or more during Summer heat waves while the tree is young.
Reduce water to once per week in the Fall.
Discontinue watering your tree in the Winter while dormant.
Water Duration – Quantity of water: Automatic System: Run Time depends on Flow Rate.
PVC Bubbler – 5 – 7 minutes with 2 – 4 GPM Flow rate
Sprinkler – 15 – 25 minutes directed into wells
Drip System – More than 30 minutes with multiple emitters. The perforated drip is also a great choice.
Soil Type: Water quantity and frequency also depend on soil type. To saturate sandy soils, provide less water more frequently, while clay soils need more water less frequently.
Irrigation water management requires monitoring soil moisture, irrigation scheduling, and an irrigation system to uniformly and efficiently distribute water based on the evapotranspiration rate while considering salinity and drainage and the practical constraints affecting scheduling, and the Soil-plant-water relationships.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fruit trees and edible plants need nutrients to grow. This is called fertilizer and it comes in different forms. Use organic manure, bone meal, blood meal, and humus based fertilizers. Apply fertilizers like manure along with a bone meal, humus based phosphorus fertilizer (1-2-2) NPK ratio in the late Winter, right before spring growth. Reapply with organic high nitrogen (2-1-1) or fertilizers with a 1-1-1 NPK as directed by the label during the Spring and Summer growing season. Do not fertilize in the Fall, new growth at this time will be thin, lanky, and weak.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excess fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch, reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use an organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.
Limited Guarantee and Returns
The two factors that determine if a deciduous fruit trees will grow well and produce fruit in a certain area are the Chill Hour Requirement and the Cold Hardiness. “Chill hours” are the amount of cold a deciduous fruit tree need to produce fruit. This is measured in the number of hours below 45 degrees Fahrenheit a plant must experience during its winter dormancy. Paradise Nursery only grows Low Chill fruit trees that meet the chill requirements of all areas of the United States.
The second factor is Cold Hardiness. Cold Hardiness refers to the minimum temperature a plant can tolerate. The USDA’s Cold Hardiness Zones indicate the average minimum winter temperatures of areas. Based on the shipping zipcode, our website will only allow you to add plants to your cart that grow within your USDA Hardiness Zone, and tolerate your climate.
Pollination & Propagation
(Grafting/Cutting) Most of Paradise Nursery’s edible plants are self-fruitful. Self-pollinating trees do not require an additional tree to produce fruit. For your convenience, we have indicated which trees require a pollinator, and their associated pollinators. Only the sweet cherries, avocados, and some plums require a pollinator. All of our other propagated edible plants do not require a pollinator. All of our edible plants are either grown from cuttings, budded, or grafted. This way, we can ensure that our plants are high quality and fruit immediately. Plants will generally begin fruiting within a year of planting.