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- Citrus sinensis 'Cara Cara' Cara Cara Oranges have a unique pinkish, light red flesh similar to a grapefruit but have a very delicious flavor. The fruits are a medium to large size with a juicy and sweet taste. Cara Cara has low acidity, and uniqu...
- Citrus sinensis 'Moro' The most popular red flesh orange is the Moro blood orange. The deep red, maroon color inside is intense. The fruit is round, medium size, has smooth texture, and a red tinge color skin. The flesh is juicy, sweet, delici...
- Citrus × aurantium 'Persian Shiraz'
- Citrus sinensis 'Valencia'
- Citrus sinensis 'Washington navel' The Washington Navel Orange tree produces the most popular eating oranges in California because the fruits are very delicious, sweet, juicy, seedless, and easy to peel as soon as the skin turns orange. Washington Navel Ora...
Orange trees grow as moderate size evergreen plants that bear citrus fruits and can be kept as large shrubs. They grow and are can be kept 5 to 15 feet tall, but can become larger. Orange trees grow in full sun and well draining slightly acidic soils. Use high quality organic mix with washed sand and small amount of citrus food fertilizer for good soil structure, proper nutrition to have nice growth and good fruit production for plentiful harvests. Water newly planted trees once or twice per week (1-2x/week) deeply.
How frequently to water depends on factors such as the temperature, season, wind speed, humidity(%), plant size, and the soil and/or media the tree is growing. Trees have white blossoms with amazing citrus aromas. Trees can produce fruit multiple times per year. They are one of the most popular fruit trees to buy in Los Angeles and Orange County, California.
Plant Care Information
How To Water
The quantity and frequency of water to provide is based on the tree’s maturity – Fully saturate most soils with water once per week during the early spring. Increase to twice per week as the weather warms. Water 3 times per week or more during hot summers. Provide about 5 gallons of water for a 5 gallons size plant, 15 gallons of water for a #15-size container plant, and 25 gallons for a #25 depending on soil type. Sandy soils can hold less water required more frequently, while clay soils can hold more water and require less frequent irrigation. Young trees with less developed roots require water more frequently while mature plants with developed roots will require less frequent watering.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fertilize your tree every 3-4 months. Use a complete balance fertilizer with a 1-1-1 or 2-1-1 NPK ratio during the Spring and Summer growing season, and a formula with more phosphorus and potassium before the tree flowers to improve fruit production and development.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune your tree to allow light into its center for proper growth and fruit production.
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excessive fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use of organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Plant Trees under at least 4-6 hours of direct morning sunlight in fertilized soil that drains well. Provide enough water to saturate roots at the right frequency to develop good-quality fruits. To grow healthy trees, trim using proper techniques at the right time to prevent biotic pest problems and protect from abiotic Stresses like wind and heat. Sunlight Sensitive plants can burn if they receive direct afternoon sunlight in hot climates due to heat stress. Use shade to prevent this damage.