Valencia Orange Tree Information and Care
Valencia orange tree under the full sun and in soil that drains well. Trees are often kept 8 – 15 feet tall by 6-10 feet wide in home gardens. However, they can grow larger, over 20 feet tall and wide. Space trees about 10 feet apart, unless you want to grow your orange tree large. After the bloom, the tree often produce two crops, the old and the new.
Orange trees thrive with regular water. Deeply irrigate newly planted orange trees regularly. The frequency depends on the type of soil and the weather. Irrigate weekly when the weather is cool in the late Fall and early Winter. Water 2 -3 times per week in the Summer until the tree roots establish.
Fertilize your orange tree with organic citrus food fertilizer. Use a formula with more nitrogen in the Spring and Summer. An NPK ratio citrus fertilizer of 2-1-1 or 3-1-2 is good for the growing season. Citrus fertilizer have more Calcium, Magnesium, and Iron. Provide a 1-1-1 or 1-2-2 fertilizer to promote flower blossom and fruit productions and development.
Prune the orange tree in the Winter. Cut the tips to create a round canopy. Also, clean up the interior dry twigs and branches, and any branch that cross the wrong direction and towards the center of the tree. It is important to thin the tree in the Summer of suckers, water sprouts, and new growth in the lower part of the trees and from the root stock.
History and Origins
The Valencia orange is a hybrid from William Wolfskill’s farm in Santa Ana, California in in the mid-19th century. It is named after the sweet oranges found in Valencia, Spain that came there by way of India. The Irvine Ranch owners made purchase of the patent and planted them successfully on half their lands. This lead to the name of the city Valencia, Ca.