PLEASE NOTE: CITRUS TREES ARE NOT SHIPPED OUTSIDE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
Plant Care Information
How To Water
The quantity and frequency to water citrus trees depend on factors such as plant size, soil type, and the seasonal time of the year. A newly planted 5-gallon size citrus tree should receive about 5 gallons of water weekly during the Winter, twice per week in the Spring and Fall, and 3-4 times per week in the Summer depending on how clay to sandy is the soil. A 15-gallon size tree would require about 15 gallons of water.
To Water by hose – Create a raised berm creating a ring wider than the tree’s canopy and flood the interior well with a hose multiple times until the soil is saturated.
Sprinklers – Run time 15 – 25 minutes for 15-gallon size
Bubbler – Run 7 minutes at 2 GPM for 15 gallon size
Drip – Run 1 hour with 5 heads at 4 GPH for 15-gallon size
Increase the amount of water as the tree grows depending on the soil and space available.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fertilize citrus trees with a balanced fertilizer. Use the manufacturers general recommendations. Organic sources of fertilizer include manure and blood meal. Bone meal is a great source of phosphorus. Potash is often used as an organic potassium input in agriculture. Specialty fertilizers that contain a balanced amount of NPK are commonly available and often sold as citrus food.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excessive fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch. Reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use of organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.