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- Fortunella crassifolia Meiwa Kumquats are small, sweet orange fruits that are tasty when ripe. They are not sour like the Nagami kumquat and a little rounder. They are delicious and used often for candy marmalades. Meiwa Kumquat trees are often ...
- Fortunella margarita Nagami Kumquat trees produce many tiny, tart-flesh, oblong shape fruits that cover the canopy in the winter making a very ornamental tree. Eat fresh with the skin to balance the flavors or use it's acidic juice in cusine. ...
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Kumquat Trees produces small orange citrus fruit that is eaten with the skin peel to be sweet and tart at the same time. Kumquat trees are considered very ornamental because of the tiny colorful flowers and prolific fruits multiple times per year. Dwarf Kumquat trees are often potted and placed in symmetry near entrances and doorways.
Botanically known as (Fortunella japonica syn. Citrus japonica), Kumquat trees are evergreen, native to Asia, and can reach heights of 6-15 feet tall. They have a nicely rounded canopy and are self-fertilized, meaning a pollinator is not as they can grow in slightly colder winter climates than other citrus trees, known to withstand temps as low as 18 F, however, we do not suggest planting citrus in areas with less than 30 degrees F. where the temps do not drop below 30 degrees F.
Care requires soil to be kept moist, but not wet or soggy. Generally, deeply water newly planted fruit trees 1x/ per week between Fall-Spring and 2x/per week. Sandy soils may need to be watered more frequently, while clay soils may require less. The frequency of the water will also depend on the plant’s health, temperature, wind, and humidity collectively contributing to the evapotranspiration rate.
User citrus food fertilizers with adequate NPK. Use a formula with more nitrogen in the spring and summer to promote growth, and fertilizers with more phosphorus and potassium in the Fall and Winters. Laying mulch over the area above the roots of the tree will help reduce evaporation from the soil, keep the soil moist and reduce weeds by preventing seedlings from getting sunlight. Manure can be used in the winter while the weather is cool.
Kumquat trees do not need to be pruned very much. They grow relatively slow and do not become very large. Remove suckers when they pop up, and pruning to shape should be done after the fruit is harvested, before spring blossoms.
PLEASE NOTE: WE DO NOT SHIP CITRUS TREES OUTSIDE SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
Plant Care Information
How To Water
The quantity and frequency of water to provide is based on the tree’s maturity – Fully saturate most soils with water once per week during the early spring. Increase to twice per week as the weather warms. Water 3 times per week or more during hot summers. Provide about 5 gallons of water for a 5 gallons size plant, 15 gallons of water for a #15-size container plant, and 25 gallons for a #25 depending on soil type. Sandy soils can hold less water required more frequently, while clay soils can hold more water and require less frequent irrigation. Young trees with less developed roots require water more frequently while mature plants with developed roots will require less frequent watering.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fertilize your tree every 3-4 months. Use a complete balance fertilizer with a 1-1-1 or 2-1-1 NPK ratio during the Spring and Summer growing season, and a formula with more phosphorus and potassium before the tree flowers to improve fruit production and development.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune your tree to allow light into its center for proper growth and fruit production.
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excessive fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use of organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.
Sun Exposure: Full Sun
Plant Trees under at least 4-6 hours of direct morning sunlight in fertilized soil that drains well. Provide enough water to saturate roots at the right frequency to develop good-quality fruits. To grow healthy trees, trim using proper techniques at the right time to prevent biotic pest problems and protect from abiotic Stresses like wind and heat. Sunlight Sensitive plants can burn if they receive direct afternoon sunlight in hot climates due to heat stress. Use shade to prevent this damage.