Pygmy Date Palm – Phoenix Roebelenii
Not compatible with your zone (2a)
General Plant Information
Additional InformationUSDA Hardiness Zones: 8-11
Plant Care Information
How To Water
Palm trees should be watered regularly. Fully saturate the soil around the completely every time it is watered. The frequency depends on the evapotranspiration rate and is based on factors like temperature, wind speed, humidity, and plant health. The quantity is based on the soil type and palm size. In general, Irrigate Palms once per week during the Winter and early spring. Increase to twice per week as the weather warms in the Spring. Water around 3 times per week during hot summers. The frequency is reduced in the Fall to Winter.
Provide about 5 gallons of water for a 5-gallon size plant, 15 gallons of water for a #15 size container plant, and 25 gallons for a #25 depending on soil type. Sandy soils can hold less water required more frequently, while clay soils can hold more water and require less frequent irrigation. Young trees with less developed roots require water more frequently while mature plants with developed roots will require less frequent watering.
The methods of watering include hose, bubbler, sprinkler, and drip.
- The Hose Irrigation method is when you water a tree directly with a hose by hand. In order to water with a hose the tree is going to need a watering well that is the same size as the width of the tree’s canopy. You are going to fill this watering well all the way to the top and then let the tree drink what it needs from the well. With the hose method, you are going to want to flood the watering well multiple times a week. In the Winter you would flood it once per week. In the Spring and Fall twice a week. In summer the well should be flooded three times a week. The frequency of the watering changes depending on the season and the temperature.
- PVC Bubbler
- PVC Bubbler irrigation is a permanent installation system made from PVC pipes, used to water trees at low pressures. Each tree has a round or square basin underneath which is flooded during irrigation. The water comes up through the bubbler which is a small emitter placed at the base of the trees that emit the water to the soil. Using the PVC Bubbler method you are going to want to run it for 5-7 minutes at 2 Gallons per minute. For Newly planted trees you are going to want to run it for 1-5 minutes at 2 Gallons per minute. At ages 5 and older, you can decrease frequency but increase duration. (How many days a week would you use a bubbler?)
- The Drip method is a micro irrigation system whose goal is to place water directly to the roots of the plants either from above the soil or below the surface. The water flows through a filter into drip pipes with emitters spaced out across the pipes. There are two ways to go about the Drip method. You can either water once a week for around 30 minutes to 2 hours. Another way is to water every day a week for 5 minutes a day, with any needed additions to the watering happening by hose.
- The Sprinkler method is when the water is distributed through a network of pumps, valves, pipes, and sprinkles, to simulate rainfall. The Sprinkler method has the sprinkler spraying into the well for around 25 minutes. This number can vary based on the type of soil and the soil moisture content, which is related to the Evapotranspiration rate. Evapotranspiration is the process in which water is evaporated from the land into the atmosphere, from soils and surfaces by the transpiration ofThe basics of irrigation of Palms are based on the Quantity and Frequency of Water is applied. Fully saturate the soil surrounding the tree’s roots every time you water.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Palm trees need a complete balanced fertilizer. An NPK ratio with 1-1-1 or 2-1-1 or -3-1-2 such as Paradise Nursery Fruit and Vegetable Organic Fertilizer is great. Begin Fertilizing in the Spring around the months of March and April, and repeat every 3 months. Fertilizer in the Fall and Winter is often provided to increase greenness, but less amount is required as the plant grows most during the Spring and Summer
Limited Guarantee and Returns
The two factors that determine if a deciduous fruit trees will grow well and produce fruit in a certain area are the Chill Hour Requirement and the Cold Hardiness. “Chill hours” are the amount of cold a deciduous fruit tree need to produce fruit. This is measured in the number of hours below 45 degrees Fahrenheit a plant must experience during its winter dormancy. Paradise Nursery only grows Low Chill fruit trees that meet the chill requirements of all areas of the United States.
The second factor is Cold Hardiness. Cold Hardiness refers to the minimum temperature a plant can tolerate. The USDA’s Cold Hardiness Zones indicate the average minimum winter temperatures of areas. Based on the shipping zipcode, our website will only allow you to add plants to your cart that grow within your USDA Hardiness Zone, and tolerate your climate.
Pollination & Propagation
(Grafting/Cutting) Most of Paradise Nursery’s edible plants are self-fruitful. Self-pollinating trees do not require an additional tree to produce fruit. For your convenience, we have indicated which trees require a pollinator, and their associated pollinators. Only the sweet cherries, avocados, and some plums require a pollinator. All of our other propagated edible plants do not require a pollinator. All of our edible plants are either grown from cuttings, budded, or grafted. This way, we can ensure that our plants are high quality and fruit immediately. Plants will generally begin fruiting within a year of planting.