Fuyu Persimmon Tree Information and Care
The Fuyu Persimmon is a woody deciduous fruit tree with long droopy branches. New Persimmon trees can be sensitive and can become heat stressed in hot summer climates with a lot of sunlight. In hot summer climates plant trees where they receive morning sun and afternoon shade. Trees can be planted in full sun, near the coast and in mild summer climates.
Persimmon Sun, Size, and Spacing – Size of Persimmon Trees and Spacing for Planting
Persimmon trees can grow very tall, but prune to maintain persimmon trees either narrow (8-10 ft wide and taller) or allow them to grow larger. In home orchards, plant persimmon trees as close as 10-15 feet apart, but allow more space if you want to grow the trees larger. Trees can grow very tall, over 30 – 40 feet if allowed.
Sun Expose – Amount of Sun persimmon trees need – Full or Partial Sun
In areas where the Summers are not very hot, such as near the beach, Santa Barbara, and Beverly Hills. Persimmon trees can be planted and grow well in the Full Sun. However, it is best in hot summer areas such as the Valley and the city of Los Angeles, to plant where young persimmon trees will receive morning sun and afternoon shade during the first few years to prevent heat stress while to roots have not grown out much yet. As the tree grows, so will the roots, and will tolerate the heat better, acclimating to the climate.
Watering – How to Water Persimmon Trees
As a deciduous fruit tree, persimmons do not require supplemental irrigation water during the winter while dormant. Begin to deep water newly planted trees weekly, once the tree leafs out in the Spring. Increase the frequency of irrigation as the weather warms in Summer to about 2 times per week, 3 times in a heat wave. Reduce the frequency as it cools in the Fall until you no longer water additionally in the Winter.
Deep watering means to water enough to reach past the roots down in the soil. Create a good burm a few inches high using soil and around the root zone. If watering by a hose, fill the pool to flood twice to allow water to go down deep. The length of time, automatic systems should be run depends on the size of tree and type of system. Adjustable movable sprinklers with double elbows are recommended and run infrequently but for a long duration to achieve field capacity. Bubbler and drip systems are acceptable but may require more addition to the system as the tree roots grow larger.
Fertilizing – How to Fertilize Persimmon Trees
Fertilize persimmons trees with organic fruit tree fertilizers with more phosphorus and potassium such as bone meal and humus based fertilizers to promote Spring blossoms. Once the flowers have turned to fruit. Fertilize with organic fertilizers with higher nitrogen such as manure, humus, and blood meal to promote growth in the Spring. Avoid using manure in the late Spring and Summer when the weather is hot, as salts can build up.
Fertilize your persimmon tree in the Spring with a balance organic fruit tree fertilizer with a 1-1-1 or a 2-1-1 NPK ratio, such as (5-5-5)or (6-3-3). Manure can be applied in cool climates. Reapply growth formula fertilizer in the Summer. Do not fertilize in the Fall as this the time the tree has slowed growth. Apply a fertilizer with low nitrogen and high phosphorus and potassium with a 1-2-2 or 1-4-4 NPK ratio such as 4-12-12 analysis.
Pruning and Thinning – How to Trim Persimmon Trees
Prune in the Winter while the tree is dormant. Remove shoots from below the graft and under the main branches. Remove sucker growth and branches crossing towards the inside of the tree. Top off the tip of the trees to promote the side branches to grow and create a wider fuller tree.
Cut the tip to prevent it from becoming too tall and promote lateral growth. Thin your tree in the summer to remove dry twigs, water sprouts, too many fruits to direct desired growth.
Pest Management –
Persimmons are a pest free tree. Use organic horticultural oils in the winter to prevent insects in the Spring. Use gopher wire basket to protect roots in areas known to have gophers. Also, important to keep animals from your harvest is to either use repellents and cover your fruit when close to ripe to keep them safe. Use professional netting to keep birds and squirrels away from the fruit. Harvest fruits once large and store them inside to ripen.