Fuyu Persimmon Tree
Fuyu Persimmon is a flat saucer shaped fruit that lacks a core, seeds, and astringency. When ripe, the persimmon fruit has an orange color skin with a yellowish flesh. Fruits ripen in the Fall and are eaten while firm. The flesh is slightly juicy and crisp with a delicious sweet and creamy flavor. Eat fresh while the fruit is firm or harvest your persimmons in the fall, as they store well indoors. You can also enjoy Fuyu Persimmons, as they soften and become very sweet and juicy. Allow to fully ripen to enjoy sweeter and juicier persimmons. Most importantly, the Fuyu Persimmon does not have tannin and is NOT bitter. They are considered to be non-astringent, and have no core or seeds. It is an attractive deciduous tree with droopy branches.
Newly planted and young persimmon trees can be stressed during heat waves in hot Summer areas like San Fernando Valley. In such areas, plant where they will receive morning sun and afternoon shade. The shade protects from too high light and heat that cause leaves to burn. The tree can grow out of that shade into the full sun once roots grow larger and establish. In mild Summer areas such as Malibu and Beverly Hills, persimmon trees thrive in the full sun.
Self-pollinating, Fruits ripe in the Fall, between September to October.
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General Plant Information
Fuyu Persimmon Tree Information and Care
The Fuyu Persimmon is a woody deciduous fruit tree with long droopy branches. New persimmon trees can be sensitive and can become heat stressed in hot Summer climates with a lot of sunlight. In hot Summer climates, plant trees where they receive morning sun and afternoon shade. Trees can be planted in full sun, near the coast and in mild summer climates.
Persimmon Sun, Size, and Spacing – Size of Persimmon Trees and Spacing for Planting
Persimmon trees can grow very tall, but prune to maintain persimmon trees either narrow (8-10 ft wide and taller) or allow them to grow larger. In home orchards, plant persimmon trees as close as 10-15 feet apart, but allow more space if you want to grow the trees larger. Trees can grow very tall, over 30 – 40 feet if allowed.
Sun Expose – Amount of Sun persimmon trees need – Full or Partial Sun
In areas where the Summers are not very hot, such as near the beach, Santa Barbara, and Beverly Hills, persimmon trees can be planted and grow well in the full sun. However, it is best in hot Summer areas such as the Valley and Los Angeles, to plant where young persimmon trees will receive morning sun and afternoon shade during the first few years to prevent heat stress while to roots have not grown out much yet. As the tree grows, so will the roots, and it will tolerate the heat better, acclimating to the climate.
Watering – How to Water Persimmon Trees
As a deciduous fruit tree, persimmons do not require supplemental irrigation water during the Winter while dormant. Begin to deeply water newly planted trees once per week when the tree leafs out in the Spring. Increase the frequency of irrigation as the weather warms in Summer to about 2 times per week, 3 times in a heat wave. Reduce the frequency as it cools in the Fall until you no longer water additionally in the Winter.
Deep watering means to water enough to reach past the roots down in the soil. Create a good berm a few inches high using soil and around the root zone. If watering by a hose, fill the pool to flood twice to allow water to go down deep. For automatic systems, the amount of time they should be run depends on the size of tree and type of system. Adjustable movable sprinklers with double elbows are recommended, and run infrequently, but for a long duration of time to achieve field capacity. Bubbler and drip systems are acceptable but may require more additions to the system as the tree roots grow larger.
Fertilizing – How to Fertilize Persimmon Trees
Fertilize Fuyu Persimmon trees with organic fruit tree fertilizers with more phosphorus and potassium such as bone meal and humus based fertilizers to promote Spring blossoms. Once the flowers have turned to fruit, use organic fertilizers with higher nitrogen such as manure, humus, and blood meal to promote growth in the Spring. Avoid using manure in the late Spring and Summer when the weather is hot, as salts can build up.
Fertilize your persimmon tree in the Spring with a balanced organic fruit tree fertilizer with a 1-1-1 or a 2-1-1 NPK ratio, such as (5-5-5)or (6-3-3). Manure can be applied in cool climates. Reapply growth formula fertilizer in the Summer. Do not fertilize in the Fall as this the time the tree has slowed growth. Apply a fertilizer with low nitrogen and high phosphorus and potassium with a 1-2-2 or 1-4-4 NPK ratio such as 4-12-12 analysis.
Pruning and Thinning – How to Trim Persimmon Trees
Prune in the Winter while the tree is dormant. Remove shoots from below the graft and under the main branches. Remove sucker growth and branches crossing towards the inside of the tree. Top off the tip of the trees to promote the side branches to grow and create a wider fuller tree.
Cut the tip to prevent it from becoming too tall and promote lateral growth. Thin your tree in the Summer to remove dry twigs, water sprouts, and too many fruits to direct desired growth.
Persimmons are a pest free tree. Use organic horticultural oils in the Winter to prevent insects in the Spring. Use a gopher wire basket to protect roots in areas known to have gophers. It’s also important to keep animals away from your harvest by using repellents and by covering your fruit to keep them safe. Use professional netting to keep birds and squirrels away from the fruit. Harvest fruits once large and store them inside to ripen.
In the home orchard, plant trees about 10 feet apart, and trim them to stay between 8 – 15 feet tall. In a commercial farm, trees are spaced 15 feet apart with 20 feet rows are machinery. These trees are grow to 25 feet tall. Trees can become almost 40 feet tall in nature.
Standard and Semi-Dwarf Form: Our trees are grown in Standard and Semi-Dwarf forms. A Standard tree grows tall because the tip continues to grow. The tip of a Semi-Dwarf tree has been cut about 2 feet from the ground, therefore the tree has a shorter branching structure for easy picking.
Additional InformationBloom Time : Spring
Sun Exposure : Full Sun, Part Shade
Watering : Regular
Harvest Time : Fall
Plant Type: Deciduous
USDA Hardiness Zones: 7-10
Chill Hours: Less 100 hours below 45°F
Pollination: Self-Fruitful / Self Pollinating
Soil and Planting: Plant in soil that drains well. Dig a hole that is as deep as the tree’s roots and at least twice as wide.
Place the tree in the hole and backfill around the plant’s roots with a mixture of the native soil and high-quality planting mix that has washed sand and organic fertilizer.
Create a basin around the roots drip zone so that water collects. Water deeply until the roots and nearby soil is saturated and reaches field capacity.
Plant Care Information
How To Water - Frequency and Duration to Irrigate
Newly planted trees should be watered regularly to establish well. The frequency of irrigation and quantity of water mainly depends on the season of the year, soil type, and size/age of the tree.
Frequency to water
Discontinue watering in the Winter while the tree is dormant.
Begin to water weekly as the tree breaks bud and leafs out in the Spring.
Increase the frequency of water to twice per week in the Spring.
Water 2-3 times per week during the hot Summer months.
Reduce irrigation frequency to 1-2 times per week in the Fall.
Stop watering your tree in the Winter while it is dormant.
You may need to water sandy soils more frequently but less quantity because of sand’s lower water holding capacity.
Water Duration – Quantity of water
Drip System – 30- 60 minutes
Sprinkler – 15 – 25 minutes
PVC Bubbler – 5 – 7 minutes
Hose – Flood the trees watering well until the soil surrounding the tree’s roots reaches field capacity.
Fertilizer and Plant Nutrition
Fruit trees and edible plants need nutrients to grow. This is called fertilizer and it comes in different forms. Use organic manure, bone meal, blood meal, and humus based fertilizers. Apply fertilizers like manure along with a bone meal, humus based phosphorus fertilizer (1-2-2) NPK ratio in the late Winter, right before spring growth. Reapply with organic high nitrogen (2-1-1) or fertilizers with a 1-1-1 NPK as directed by the label during the Spring and Summer growing season. Do not fertilize in the Fall, new growth at this time will be thin, lanky, and weak.
Winter Pruning and Summer Thinning
Prune fruit trees in the Winter to maintain size and shape to prepare for Spring growth. Thin the tree in the Summer, and remove excess fruits. Remove any dry twigs and branches. Cut off any new growth below the graft or very low in the tree, this will direct the plant’s energy to its main branches. Thin your trees during the Spring and Summer seasons to ensure the plant’s energy is directed as desired. If the plant provides an overly large quantity of fruits for that branch, reduce the quantity of fruit so that what remains grows larger. This will also prevent broken limbs. Harvest ripe fruit to prevent undesired pests.
Harvesting and Pest Management
The basics of integrated pest management is cleanliness and the use of a combination of methods. This means we use an organic pesticide when the pest population reaches a threshold that requires action. Horticultural oils such as Neem oil is an organic pesticide that controls tiny, soft bodied insects. Use organic Bordeaux and Liqui-cop to manage fungus causing diseases such as powdery mildew, rust, and leaf-curls.
Keep a clean environment, free of weeds and dropped fruit that host insects or attract animals. Harvest when fruit reaches size and store indoors. Use repellants and bird netting to protect your harvest from other animals.
Limited Guarantee and Returns
The two factors that determine if a deciduous fruit trees will grow well and produce fruit in a certain area are the Chill Hour Requirement and the Cold Hardiness. “Chill hours” are the amount of cold a deciduous fruit tree need to produce fruit. This is measured in the number of hours below 45 degrees Fahrenheit a plant must experience during its winter dormancy. Paradise Nursery only grows Low Chill fruit trees that meet the chill requirements of all areas of the United States.
The second factor is Cold Hardiness. Cold Hardiness refers to the minimum temperature a plant can tolerate. The USDA’s Cold Hardiness Zones indicate the average minimum winter temperatures of areas. Based on the shipping zipcode, our website will only allow you to add plants to your cart that grow within your USDA Hardiness Zone, and tolerate your climate.
Pollination & Propagation
(Grafting/Cutting) Most of Paradise Nursery’s edible plants are self-fruitful. Self-pollinating trees do not require an additional tree to produce fruit. For your convenience, we have indicated which trees require a pollinator, and their associated pollinators. Only the sweet cherries, avocados, and some plums require a pollinator. All of our other propagated edible plants do not require a pollinator. All of our edible plants are either grown from cuttings, budded, or grafted. This way, we can ensure that our plants are high quality and fruit immediately. Plants will generally begin fruiting within a year of planting.