Fuyu Persimmon Tree Information and Care
The Fuyu Persimmon is a woody deciduous fruit tree with long droopy branches. Grows relatively slowly and can become large if allowed. Easily prune every Winter, while dormant to maintain as a shorter and compact tree. Fuyu persimmon trees produce beautiful tony white blossom in the late Spring as they leaf out.
Size of Persimmon Trees and Spacing for Planting –
Prune to maintain persimmon trees either narrow (6-10 ft wide and taller) or allow them grow larger. In home orchards, plant persimmon trees as close as 10-15 feet apart, but allow more space if you want to grow the trees larger. Trees can grow as large as >20-30 ft tall and wide if allowed.
Sun Expose – Amount of Sun persimmon trees need – Full or Partial Sun
In areas where the Summers are not very hot, such as near the beach, Santa Barbara and Beverly Hills. Persimmon trees can be planted and grow well in the Full Sun. However, it is best in hot summer areas such as the Valley and the city of Los Angeles, to plant where young persimmon trees will receive morning sun and afternoon shade during the first few years to prevent heat stress while to roots have not grown out much yet. As the tree grows, so will the roots, and will tolerate the heat better, acclimating to the climate.
Watering – How to Water Persimmon Trees
As a deciduous fruit tree, persimmons do not require supplemental irrigation water during the winter while dormant. Begin to deep water newly planted trees weekly, once the tree leafs out in the Spring. Increase the frequency of irrigation as the whether warms in Summer to about 2 times per week, 3 times in a heat wave. Reduce the frequency as it cools in the Fall, until you no longer water additionally in the Winter.
Deep watering means to water enough to reach past the roots down in the soil. Create a good watering well a few inches high using soil and around the root zone. If watering by hose, fill the pool to flood twice to allow water to go down deep. The length of time, automatic systems should be run depends on the size of tree and type of system. Adjustable movable sprinklers with double elbows are recommended and run infrequently but for long duration to achieve field capacity. Bubbler and drip systems are acceptable, but may require more addition to the system as the tree roots grow larger.
Fertilizing – How to Fertilize Persimmon Trees
Fertilize persimmons trees with organic fruit tree fertilizers with more phosphorus and potassium such as bone meal and humus based fertilizers to promote Spring blossoms. Once the flowers have turned to fruit. Fertilize with with organic fertilizers with higher nitrogen such as manure, humus, and blood meal to promote growth in the Spring. Avoid using manure in the late Spring and Summer when the whether is hot, as salts can build up.
Pruning and Thinning – How to Trim Persimmon Trees
Prune in the Winter while the tree is dormant. Remove shoots from below the graft and under the main branches. Remove sucker growth and branches crossing towards the inside of the tree. Top off the tip of the trees to promote the side branches to grow and create a wider fuller tree.
Pest Management –
Persimmons are a relatively pest free tree. Use organic horticultural oils in the winter to prevent soft bodied insects in the Spring. Use gopher wire basket to protect roots in areas known to have gophers. Also, important to keep animals from your harvest is to either use repellants and cover your fruit when close to ripe to keep them safe. Use professional netting to keep birds and squirrels away from the fruit. Harvest fruits once large and store them inside to ripen.