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Apple trees are great for home orchards.
Apples are crisp, crunchy, and nutritious fruits with juicy and delicious pomaceous flesh. The skin is smooth and full of vitamins. Seeds are small and located in the center of the fruit. Fuji Apple is the most popular sweet apple. Gala is a popular variety that smaller fruit. Granny smith is the tart green variety.
Apple trees are easy to grow and can be kept relatively small to moderate size with regular pruning. Springtime brings an amazing flush of whitish blossoms, and simple dark green leaves. Fruits ripen during the Summer months, and can be eaten fresh off the tree, used in culinary and baking, juiced, dried, and can stored to be used later. It feels great to pick the fruits of your an apple tree you’ve cared for. Trees bear young and heavily.
Apple trees are a sturdy and straightforward deciduous tree for home orchards. The beloved apple tree made its way to the U.S in the 1600’s and thanks to the infamous Johnny Chapman (Johnny Appleseed), the apple became and still is a staple fruit for americans. Apples are a colorful and dense fruit with a crispy cream colored flesh. The skin provides essential vitamins and antioxidants, while the flesh gives it sustenance.
Apple trees are easy to grow and can be kept to a relatively small size with regular winter pruning. Bloom brings a refreshing flush of ivory blossoms, and simple dark green leaves. Fruit are ripe in the summer, and are ready to harvest when your taste buds say so. Trees will bear young and heavily.
Apple trees thrive in the full sun as well as partial shade with well draining soil. In home orchards, apple trees can be kept less than 10 feet tall and wide, but will grow larger if allowed. Prune in the winter to control the size and shape, as well as to select producing spurs. Summer thinning of fruits and branches is done to direct the plant’s energy to spurs. This maximizes desired growth and fruit production by preventing broken limbs caused by too many fruits and the wasted growth of undesired limbs.
Once established, trees are generally watered every 7-10 days or once every two weeks by soaking root zone. This guideline is the same for drought conditions, apple trees do not need a high amount of water. Keeping soil moist is ideal rather then bone dry or saturated. The amount and frequency depends on the size of tree, time of year, and type of soil. If watering by hose, fill your watering well twice so water goes down deep rather than watering too frequently. If watering with sprinklers, bubblers, or drip system, it is better to water long enough to reach field capacity, rather than providing little water very frequently.
Generally, newly planted trees need water once to twice a week in the spring and summer. Younger trees and sandy soils may need water every other day if planted in the full Sun during Summer heat waves. But this is not very common or ideal. Apple trees are deciduous, so reduce water in the fall as temperature reduces. Provide little to no supplemental water in the winter while they are dormant. Begin watering again in the spring, once the tree breaks bud and begins to leaf out. Increase the frequency as the temperature rises when summer approaches.
Fertilize organically in the winter with flower and bloom fruit tree food to help increase springtime blossoms, and summer fruits. Use organic fruit tree growth fertilizers in the Spring and Summers to keep leaves green and healthy.